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Kafka+Storm+HDFS 整合示例

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Kafka+Storm+HDFS 整合示例

消息通过各种方式进入到Kafka消息中间件,比如可以通过使用Flume来收集日志数据,然后在Kafka中路由暂存,然后再由实时计算程序Storm做实时分析,最后将结果保存在HDFS中,这时我们就需要将在Storm的Spout中读取Kafka中的消息,然后交由具体的Spot组件去分析处理。下面开发一个简单WordCount示例程序,从Kafka读取订阅的消息行,通过空格拆分出单个单词,然后再做词频统计计算,最后将结果保存至HDFS。

1. kafka程序

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package com.dxss.storm;

import kafka.producer.KeyedMessage;
import kafka.javaapi.producer.Producer;
import kafka.producer.ProducerConfig;
import java.util.Properties;

/**
 * Created by hadoop on 2017/7/29.
 */
public class KakfaProceduer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException{
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.put("zookeeper.connect","12.13.41.41:2182");
        properties.put("metadata.broker.list","12.13.41.41:9092");
        properties.put("serializer.class","kafka.serializer.StringEncoder");
        ProducerConfig producerConfig = new ProducerConfig(properties);
        Producer producer = new Producer<String, String>(producerConfig);
        KeyedMessage<String,String> keyedMessage = new KeyedMessage<String, String>("sunfei","I am a chinese");
        while(true){
            producer.send(keyedMessage);
        }
    }
}
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2. Storm–spout

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package com.dxss.stormkafka;

import java.util.Map;

import backtype.storm.task.OutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.task.TopologyContext;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;
import backtype.storm.topology.base.BaseRichBolt;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Tuple;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;
import scala.collection.mutable.ArrayBuilder.ofBoolean;

public class PrinterBolt extends BaseRichBolt{

    private OutputCollector collector;
    @Override
    public void prepare(Map stormConf, TopologyContext context, OutputCollector collector) {
        this.collector = collector;
    }

    @Override
    public void execute(Tuple input) {
//        System.out.println("kafak所发布的消息为"+input.getString(0));
        String value = input.getString(0);
        String[] strings = value.split(" ");
        for(String var : strings){
            collector.emit(new Values(var,1));
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
        declarer.declare(new Fields("word", "num"));
        
    }

}
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3. Storm-bolt

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package com.dxss.stormkafka;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import backtype.storm.task.OutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.task.TopologyContext;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;
import backtype.storm.topology.base.BaseRichBolt;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Tuple;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;

public class CountBolt extends BaseRichBolt{

    private OutputCollector collector;
    private Map<String,Integer> map = new HashMap();
    
    
    @Override
    public void execute(Tuple arg0) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        String word = arg0.getString(0);
        Integer num = arg0.getInteger(1);
        if (map.containsKey(word)){
            Integer number = map.get(word);
            map.put(word,number+1);
        }else{
            map.put(word, num);
        }
        String result = word + ":" + map.get(word);
        this.collector.emit(new Values(result));
    }

    @Override
    public void prepare(Map arg0, TopologyContext arg1, OutputCollector arg2) {
        this.collector = arg2;
    }

    @Override
    public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer arg0) {
        arg0.declare(new Fields("result"));
        
    }

}
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4. Storm–Topology

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package com.dxss.stormkafka;

import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.HdfsBolt;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.format.DefaultFileNameFormat;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.format.DelimitedRecordFormat;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.format.FileNameFormat;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.format.RecordFormat;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.rotation.FileRotationPolicy;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.rotation.FileSizeRotationPolicy;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.sync.CountSyncPolicy;
import org.apache.storm.hdfs.bolt.sync.SyncPolicy;
import backtype.storm.Config;
import backtype.storm.LocalCluster;
import backtype.storm.generated.StormTopology;
import backtype.storm.spout.SchemeAsMultiScheme;
import backtype.storm.topology.TopologyBuilder;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import storm.kafka.BrokerHosts;
import storm.kafka.KafkaSpout;
import storm.kafka.SpoutConfig;
import storm.kafka.StringScheme;
import storm.kafka.ZkHosts;

public class StormKafka {
    
    public static StormTopology createTopology(){
        BrokerHosts boBrokerHosts = new ZkHosts("12.13.41.41:2182");
        String topic = "sunfei";
        String zkRoot = "/sunfei";
        String spoutId = "sunfei_storm";
        SpoutConfig spoutConfig = new SpoutConfig(boBrokerHosts, topic, zkRoot, spoutId);
        spoutConfig.scheme = new SchemeAsMultiScheme(new StringScheme());
        // 输出字段分隔符
        RecordFormat format = new DelimitedRecordFormat().withFieldDelimiter(":");
        // 每1000个tuple同步到hdfs一次
        SyncPolicy syncPolicy = new CountSyncPolicy(1000);
        // 每个文件的大小为100M
        FileRotationPolicy policy = new FileSizeRotationPolicy(100.0f,FileSizeRotationPolicy.Units.MB);
        // 设置输出目录
        FileNameFormat fileNameFormat = new DefaultFileNameFormat().withPath("/test/storm")
                .withPrefix("storm_").withExtension(".txt");
        // 执行HDFS地址
        HdfsBolt hdfsBolt = new HdfsBolt().withFsUrl("hdfs://12.13.41.43:8020")
                .withFileNameFormat(fileNameFormat)
                .withRecordFormat(format)
                .withRotationPolicy(policy)
                .withSyncPolicy(syncPolicy);
        
        TopologyBuilder builder = new TopologyBuilder();
        builder.setSpout("words", new KafkaSpout(spoutConfig));
        builder.setBolt("print", new PrinterBolt()).shuffleGrouping("words");
        builder.setBolt("totalBolt", new CountBolt()).fieldsGrouping("print", new Fields("word"));
        builder.setBolt("hdfsBolt", hdfsBolt).shuffleGrouping("totalBolt");

        return builder.createTopology();
        
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        
        Config config = new Config();
        config.put(Config.TOPOLOGY_TRIDENT_BATCH_EMIT_INTERVAL_MILLIS, 2000);
        StormTopology topology = StormKafka.createTopology();
        config.setNumWorkers(1);
        config.setMaxTaskParallelism(2);
        //提交集群模式
//        try {
//            StormSubmitter.submitTopology("mywordcount", config, topology);
//        } catch (AlreadyAliveException e) {
//            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
//            e.printStackTrace();
//        } catch (InvalidTopologyException e) {
//            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
//            e.printStackTrace();
//        }
        //本地运行模式
        LocalCluster localCluster = new LocalCluster();
        localCluster.submitTopology("kafkastorm", config, topology);
        Thread.sleep(1000);
    
    }

}
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5. 项目pom.xml文件

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<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.kafka</groupId>
  <artifactId>StormDemo</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.storm</groupId>
            <artifactId>storm-core</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.3</version>
            <!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.storm</groupId>
            <artifactId>storm-kafka</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.3</version>
            <!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-common</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.1</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-hdfs</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.1</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.storm</groupId>
            <artifactId>storm-hdfs</artifactId>
            <version>0.10.0</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
                    <artifactId>hadoop-client</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
                    <artifactId>hadoop-hdfs</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jdk.tools</groupId>
            <artifactId>jdk.tools</artifactId>
            <version>1.8</version>
            <scope>system</scope>
            <systemPath>${JAVA_HOME}/lib/tools.jar</systemPath>
        </dependency>
        
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.protobuf</groupId>
            <artifactId>protobuf-java</artifactId>
            <version>2.5.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- storm-kafka模块需要的依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.curator</groupId>
            <artifactId>curator-framework</artifactId>
            <version>2.5.0</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- kafka -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.kafka</groupId>
            <artifactId>kafka_2.10</artifactId>
            <version>0.8.1.1</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.apache.zookeeper</groupId>
                    <artifactId>zookeeper</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
                    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>central</id>
            <url>http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
            </snapshots>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </releases>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>clojars</id>
            <url>https://clojars.org/repo/</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </snapshots>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </releases>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>scala-tools</id>
            <url>http://scala-tools.org/repo-releases</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </snapshots>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </releases>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>conjars</id>
            <url>http://conjars.org/repo/</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </snapshots>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </releases>
        </repository>
    </repositories>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.6</source>
                    <target>1.6</target>
                    <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
                    <showDeprecation>true</showDeprecation>
                    <showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <descriptorRefs>
                        <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>
                    </descriptorRefs>
                    <archive>
                        <manifest>
                            <mainClass></mainClass>
                        </manifest>
                    </archive>
                </configuration>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>make-assembly</id>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>single</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
    
</project>
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