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PHPYaf执行流程源码

php aide_941 22℃

PHPYaf执行流程源码

原创2017-04-04 15:55:580488

介绍

Yaf框架是一个c语言编写的PHP框架,是一个以PHP扩展形式提供的PHP开发框架,相比于一般的PHP框架, 它更快,更轻便,内存占用率更低,就是本着对性能的追求,Yaf把框架中不易变的部分抽象出来,类如路由自动加载bootstrap、分发等,采用PHP扩展去实现,以此来保证性能。

Yaf优点
  • 用c语言开发的PHP框架,相比原生的PHP,几乎不会带来额外的性能开销
  • 所有的框架类,不需要编译,在PHP启动的时候加载,并常驻内存.
  • 更快的执行速度,更少的内存占用.
  • 灵巧的自动加载. 支持全局和局部两种加载规则, 方便类库共享.
yaf缺点
  • 维护成本高,要维护PHP扩展,需要熟练C开发和Zend Api.
  • 目标用户群小,现在国内很多中小型站都是使用虚拟主机,并不能随意的给PHP添加扩展.
  • 不像其他框架一样提供各种丰富功能的类库和各种优雅的写法,它只提供一个MVC的基本骨架.

Yaf框架执行流程图

引用官方流程图

流程图说明

在application目录下有个Bootstrap.php文件,这个就是图中的第一个环节,如果存在Bootstrap()就会先执行该文件,该文件包含了一系列的初始化环节,并返回一个Yaf_Application对象,紧接着调用了它的run方法,run里面包含了图中所有环节,run首先是调用路由,路由的主要目的其实就是找到controllers文件,然后执行里面的init和action方法,或者找到所有actions的地址然后加载,在去执行对应的execute方法,如果设置了autoRender在返回的时候会执行render方法,就是view自动渲染,图中有六个双横线标出的环节,就是六个插件方法,用户可以自定义实现这几个方法,然后Yaf框架会在图中相应的步骤处调用对应的HOOK方法。

Yaf框架目录结构

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+ public

  |- index.php //入口文件

  |- .htaccess //重写规则   

  |+ css

  |+ img

  |+ js

+ conf

  |- application.ini //配置文件  

+ application

  |+ actions //可将controller里面的方法单独抽出来做为一个类实现

     |+ index

        |- Main.php

  |+ controllers

     |- Index.php //默认控制器

  |+ views   

     |+ index   //控制器

        |- index.phtml //默认视图

  |+ modules //可以按模块来区分不同业务下的控制器层

     |+ admin

        |+ controllers

           |- Index.php

  |+ library //本地类库

  |+ models  //model目录

      |- baseModel.php

  |+ plugins //插件目录

      |- testPlugin.php

  Bootstrap.php  引导文件

Yaf配置项说明

  • php.ini 配置项
选项名称 默认值 说明
yaf.environ product 环境名称, 当用INI作为Yaf的配置文件时, 这个指明了Yaf将要在INI配置中读取的节的名字
yaf.library NULL 全局类库的目录路径
yaf.cache_config 0 是否缓存配置文件(只针对INI配置文件生效), 打开此选项可在复杂配置的情况下提高性能
yaf.name_suffix 1 在处理Controller, Action, Plugin, Model的时候, 类名中关键信息是否是后缀式, 比如UserModel, 而在前缀模式下则是ModelUser
yaf.name_separator “” 在处理Controller, Action, Plugin, Model的时候, 前缀和名字之间的分隔符, 默认为空, 也就是UserPlugin, 加入设置为”_”, 则判断的依据就会变成:”User_Plugin”, 这个主要是为了兼容ST已有的命名规范
yaf.forward_limit 5 forward最大嵌套深度
yaf.use_namespace 0 开启的情况下, Yaf将会使用命名空间方式注册自己的类, 比如Yaf_Application将会变成Yaf\Application
yaf.use_spl_autoload 0 开启的情况下, Yaf在加载不成功的情况下, 会继续让PHP的自动加载函数加载, 从性能考虑, 除非特殊情况, 否则保持这个选项关闭

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//php.ini

[Yaf]

yaf.library = "c:/huan"

yaf.name_suffix = 0

yaf.name_separator = "_"

yaf.environ = "product"

  • application.ini 配置项
选项名称 默认值 说明
application.ext php PHP脚本的扩展名
application.bootstrap Bootstrapplication.php Bootstrap路径(绝对路径)
application.library application.directory + “/library” 本地(自身)类库的绝对目录地址
application.baseUri NULL 在路由中, 需要忽略的路径前缀, 一般不需要设置, Yaf会自动判断.
application.dispatcher.defaultModule index 默认的模块
application.dispatcher.throwException True 在出错的时候, 是否抛出异常
application.dispatcher.catchException False 是否使用默认的异常捕获Controller, 如果开启, 在有未捕获的异常的时候, 控制权会交给ErrorController的errorAction方法, 可以通过$request->getException()获得此异常对象
application.dispatcher.defaultController index 默认的控制器
application.dispatcher.defaultAction index 默认的动作
application.view.ext phtml 视图模板扩展名
application.modules modules 声明存在的模块名, 请注意, 如果你要定义这个值, 一定要定义Index Module

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//application.ini

[mysql]

mysql.master.user_name = word

mysql.master.pass_word = 1234

mysql.slave.user_name = word

mysql.slave.pass_word = 1234

[database : mysql]

database.master.host = 127.0.0.1

database.slave.host  = 127.0.0.2,127.0.0.3

[product : database]

yaf.directory = APP_PATH "/app/"

yaf.libray = APP_PATH "/libray/

可以看到在application.ini配置文件里面除了配置框架本身的配置项,还可以添加一些我们自定义的配置项,同时支持继承配置功能,在框架启动的时候会根据yaf.environ设定的节点名字去读取.

配置文件解析完毕后读取到内存的状态

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Yaf_Config_Ini Object

(

    [_config:protected] => Array

        (

            [mysql] => Array

                (

                    [master] => Array

                        (

                            [user_name] => word

                        )

                    [slave] => Array

                        (

                            [user_name] => word

                        )

                )

            [database] => Array

                (

                    [master] => Array

                        (

                            [host] => 127.0.0.1

                        )

                    [slave] => Array

                        (

                            [host] => 127.0.0.2,127.0.0.3

                        )

                )

            [yaf] => Array

                (

                    [directory] => C:\huan\apache\htdocs\yaf/app/

                    [libray] => C:\huan\apache\htdocs\yaf/libray/

                )

        )

    [_readonly:protected] => 1

)

调用Yaf框架

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//入口文件index.php

define("APP_PATH"'/home/test/yaf');

$app  = new Yaf_Application(APP_PATH . "/conf/application.ini");

$app->bootstrap()->run();

Bootstrap.php 类文件

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class Bootstrap extends Yaf_Bootstrap_Abstract{

        public function _initConfig(Yaf_Dispatcher $dispatcher) {

                //存放全局数据

                $config = Yaf_Application::app()->getConfig();

                Yaf_Registry::set("config", $config);

                //读取配置

                $dispatcher->getConfig()->get('database')->master->host

                 //关闭自动渲染

                $dispatcher->autoRender(false);

                //设置自定的模板引擎类如smarty

                $dispatcher->setView( Yaf_View_Interface  $request );

        }

        public function _initDefaultName(Yaf_Dispatcher $dispatcher) {

                $dispatcher->setDefaultModule("Index")->setDefaultController("Index")->setDefaultAction("index");

        }

        public function _initPlugin(Yaf_Dispatcher $dispatcher){

               //注册插件

               $objPlugin = new  Test_Plugin();

               $dispatcher->registerPlugin($objPlugin);

        }

        public function _initRegistLocalLib(Yaf_Dispatcher $dispatcher){

              //注册本地类前缀, 是的对于以这些前缀开头的本地类, 都从本地类库路径中加载.

              Yaf_Loader::getInstance()->registerLocalNamespace(array('Foo','Msn'));

        }

}

Plugin.php 插件类文件

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class Test_Plugin extends Yaf_Plugin_Abstract {

     public function routerStartup(Yaf_Request_Abstract $request, Yaf_Response_Abstract $response) {

     }

     public function routerShutdown(Yaf_Request_Abstract $request, Yaf_Response_Abstract $response) {

     }

}

Controller.php 类文件

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class Index_Controller extends Yaf_Controller_Abstract {

   //第二种action实现方式

   public $actions = array(

        'one' => 'actions/index/One.php',

        'two' => 'actions/index/Two.php',

   );

   //初始化方法

   public function ini(){

   }

   //第一种action实现方式

   public function index_Action() {

       $this->getView()->assign("content", "Hello World");

       $this->getView()->display();

   }

}

Action.php 类文件

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Class One_Action extends Yaf_Action_Abstract{

       public function execute(){

       }

}

Model 类文件

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class Base_Model {

      public function getDataList(){

      }

}

注意: Yaf并没有实现Model层,需要自己实现或者调用现成的Model库.

扩展-核心功能模块实现

扩展 Yaf_Application 类注册

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YAF_STARTUP_FUNCTION(application) {  //宏替换一下 ZEND_MINIT_FUNCTION(yaf_##module)

    //PHP内核中对PHP类的实现是通过zend_class_entry结构体实现的

    zend_class_entry ce;

    //相当于对ce初始化,指定一个类名称 Ap_Application

    //指定类的成员方法列表 ap_application_methods 结构体数组指针

    YAF_INIT_CLASS_ENTRY(ce, "Yaf_Application", "Yaf\\Application", yaf_application_methods);

    //向PHP注册类,PHP中由class_table维护全局的类数组

    //可以简单理解为把类添加到这个数组中,这样就可以在

    //PHP中找到这个类了,内核中有一组类似的注册函数

    //用来注册接口、类、子类、接口实现、抽象类等

    yaf_application_ce = zend_register_internal_class_ex(&ce, NULL, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

    //指定类的属性

    yaf_application_ce->ce_flags |= ZEND_ACC_FINAL_CLASS;

    //设置类内部的一些变量和属性

    zend_declare_property_null(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_CONFIG),     ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_null(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_DISPATCHER),     ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_null(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_APP),          ZEND_ACC_STATIC | ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_null(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_MODULES),     ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_bool(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_RUN),     0,         ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_string(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_ENV),     YAF_G(environ), ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_long(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_ERRNO),         0,    ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_declare_property_string(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_ERRMSG),     "",     ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);

    //内核中有一组这样的属性标记来指定类和变量的性质

    /* method flags (types)

       #define ZEND_ACC_STATIC            0x01

       #define ZEND_ACC_ABSTRACT        0x02

       #define ZEND_ACC_FINAL            0x04

       #define ZEND_ACC_IMPLEMENTED_ABSTRACT        0x08

       class flags (types)

       #define ZEND_ACC_IMPLICIT_ABSTRACT_CLASS    0x10

       #define ZEND_ACC_EXPLICIT_ABSTRACT_CLASS    0x20

       #define ZEND_ACC_FINAL_CLASS                0x40

       #define ZEND_ACC_INTERFACE                    0x80 */

    return SUCCESS;

}

//类成员函数的声明

zend_function_entry yaf_application_methods[] = {

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, construct,         yaf_application_construct_arginfo,     ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC | ZEND_ACC_CTOR)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, run,               yaf_application_run_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, execute,          yaf_application_execute_arginfo,     ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, app,               yaf_application_app_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC | ZEND_ACC_STATIC)

    YAF_ME(yaf_application_environ, "environ",     yaf_application_environ_arginfo,     ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, bootstrap,           yaf_application_bootstrap_arginfo,      ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getConfig,           yaf_application_getconfig_arginfo,     ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getModules,           yaf_application_getmodule_arginfo,      ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getDispatcher,         yaf_application_getdispatch_arginfo,    ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, setAppDirectory,    yaf_application_setappdir_arginfo,      ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getAppDirectory,    yaf_application_void_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getLastErrorNo,     yaf_application_void_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, getLastErrorMsg,    yaf_application_void_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, clearLastError,     yaf_application_void_arginfo,         ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, destruct,        NULL,                     ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC | ZEND_ACC_DTOR)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, clone,        NULL,                     ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE | ZEND_ACC_CLONE)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, sleep,        NULL,                     ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE)

    PHP_ME(yaf_application, wakeup,        NULL,                     ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE)

    {NULL, NULL, NULL}

};

上面这个就是在扩展里面注册一个类的实现,Yaf其他的类文件在注册类的时候也几乎和上面方式一致,具体看下源码就可以了,下面将从实例化一个Yaf_Application类开始分析。

扩展 Yaf_Application 类构造函数 construct 实现

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PHP_METHOD(yaf_application, construct) {

    yaf_config_t          *zconfig;

    yaf_request_t          *request;

    yaf_dispatcher_t    *zdispatcher;

    yaf_application_t    *app, *self;

    yaf_loader_t        *loader;

    zval             *config;

    zval             *section = NULL;

    //获取yaf_application::_app变量值,默认为0

    app     = zend_read_static_property(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_APP), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

#if PHP_YAF_DEBUG

    php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_STRICT, "Yaf is running in debug mode");

#endif

    //如果app有值则报错,也就是当前类只能被实例化一次

    if (!ZVAL_IS_NULL(app)) {

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Only one application can be initialized");

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    //获取当前的对象,也就是php里面的$this

    self = getThis();

    //获取参数,把配置文件路径或者配置数组传递进来

    //section配置文件中的节点名字,默认product

    if (zend_parse_parameters(ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, "z|z", &config, &section) == FAILURE) {

        YAF_UNINITIALIZED_OBJECT(getThis());

        return;

    }

    if (!section || Z_TYPE_P(section) != IS_STRING || !Z_STRLEN_P(section)) {

        MAKE_STD_ZVAL(section);

        ZVAL_STRING(section, YAF_G(environ), 0);

        //获取config对象

        zconfig = yaf_config_instance(NULL, config, section TSRMLS_CC);

        efree(section);

    } else {

        //获取config对象

        zconfig = yaf_config_instance(NULL, config, section TSRMLS_CC);

    }

    //解析配置文件,并将配置信息保存在zconfig对象中

    if  (zconfig == NULL

            || Z_TYPE_P(zconfig) != IS_OBJECT

            || !instanceof_function(Z_OBJCE_P(zconfig), yaf_config_ce TSRMLS_CC)

            || yaf_application_parse_option(zend_read_property(yaf_config_ce,

                       zconfig, ZEND_STRL(YAF_CONFIG_PROPERT_NAME), 1 TSRMLS_CC) TSRMLS_CC) == FAILURE) {

        YAF_UNINITIALIZED_OBJECT(getThis());

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Initialization of application config failed");

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    //获取 request 对象,请求的信息保存在里面

    request = yaf_request_instance(NULL, YAF_G(base_uri) TSRMLS_CC);

    if (YAF_G(base_uri)) {

        efree(YAF_G(base_uri));

        YAF_G(base_uri) = NULL;

    }

    if (!request) {

        YAF_UNINITIALIZED_OBJECT(getThis());

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Initialization of request failed");

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    //获取dispatcher对象,主要在里面调用插件、路由、分发等

    zdispatcher = yaf_dispatcher_instance(NULL TSRMLS_CC);

    if (NULL == zdispatcher

            || Z_TYPE_P(zdispatcher) != IS_OBJECT

            || !instanceof_function(Z_OBJCE_P(zdispatcher), yaf_dispatcher_ce TSRMLS_CC)) {

        YAF_UNINITIALIZED_OBJECT(getThis());

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Instantiation of application dispatcher failed");

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    //把request对象保存在zdispatcher对像属性中

    yaf_dispatcher_set_request(zdispatcher, request TSRMLS_CC);

    //保存zconfig对象到当前yaf_application对象属性中

    zend_update_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_CONFIG), zconfig TSRMLS_CC);

    //保存zdispatcher对象到当前yaf_application对象属性中

    zend_update_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_DISPATCHER), zdispatcher TSRMLS_CC);

    zval_ptr_dtor(&request);

    zval_ptr_dtor(&zdispatcher);

    zval_ptr_dtor(&zconfig);

    //是否指定本地类库地址

    if (YAF_G(local_library)) {

        //获取一个load加载类,并同时向内核注册一个自动加载器autoload

        //之后在代码中new class()都会调用扩展中注册的自动加载器

        loader = yaf_loader_instance(NULL, YAF_G(local_library),

                strlen(YAF_G(global_library))? YAF_G(global_library) : NULL TSRMLS_CC);

        efree(YAF_G(local_library));

        YAF_G(local_library) = NULL;

    } else {

        char *local_library;

        //获取一个默认的本地类库地址

        spprintf(&local_library, 0, "%s%c%s", YAF_G(directory), DEFAULT_SLASH, YAF_LIBRARY_DIRECTORY_NAME);

        //同上面解释一致

        loader = yaf_loader_instance(NULL, local_library,

                strlen(YAF_G(global_library))? YAF_G(global_library) : NULL TSRMLS_CC);

        efree(local_library);

    }

    if (!loader) {

        YAF_UNINITIALIZED_OBJECT(getThis());

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Initialization of application auto loader failed");

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    //赋值对象属性

    zend_update_property_bool(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_RUN), 0 TSRMLS_CC);

    zend_update_property_string(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_ENV), YAF_G(environ) TSRMLS_CC);

    //这个modules一定会存在,默认是Index

    if (YAF_G(modules))  {

        zend_update_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_MODULES), YAF_G(modules) TSRMLS_CC);

        Z_DELREF_P(YAF_G(modules));

        YAF_G(modules) = NULL;

    } else {

        zend_update_property_null(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_MODULES) TSRMLS_CC);

    }

    //yaf_application::_app 赋值成当前self对象

    zend_update_static_property(yaf_application_ce, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_APP), self TSRMLS_CC);

}

PHP_METHOD(Yaf_application, bootstrap) 扩展实现

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PHP_METHOD(yaf_application, bootstrap) {

    char            *bootstrap_path;

    uint             len, retval = 1;

    zend_class_entry    **ce;

    yaf_application_t    *self = getThis();

    //判断 Bootstrap 类是否存在,默认第一次肯定不存在

    //因为还没有加载注册进来

    if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP_LOWER, YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP_LEN, (void **) &ce) != SUCCESS) {

        //判断是否指定了bootstrap文件路径

        if (YAF_G(bootstrap)) {

            bootstrap_path  = estrdup(YAF_G(bootstrap));

            len = strlen(YAF_G(bootstrap));

        } else {

            //没有指定则使用默认路径

            len = spprintf(&bootstrap_path, 0, "%s%c%s.%s", YAF_G(directory), DEFAULT_SLASH, YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP, YAF_G(ext));

        }

        //导入bootstrap文件,内核如果发现是类,则会自动注册上

        if (!yaf_loader_import(bootstrap_path, len + 1, 0 TSRMLS_CC)) {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Couldn't find bootstrap file %s", bootstrap_path);

            retval = 0;

        //获取 bootstrap 类

        } else if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP_LOWER, YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP_LEN, (void **) &ce) != SUCCESS)  {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Couldn't find class %s in %s", YAF_DEFAULT_BOOTSTRAP, bootstrap_path);

            retval = 0;

        //判断该类是否继承Yaf_Bootstrap_Abstract

        } else if (!instanceof_function(*ce, yaf_bootstrap_ce TSRMLS_CC)) {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Expect a %s instance, %s give", yaf_bootstrap_ce->name, (*ce)->name);

            retval = 0;

        }

        efree(bootstrap_path);

    }

    if (!retval) {

        RETURN_FALSE;

    } else {

        zval             *bootstrap;

        HashTable         *methods;

        yaf_dispatcher_t     *dispatcher;

        //实例化一个bootstrap对象

        MAKE_STD_ZVAL(bootstrap);

        object_init_ex(bootstrap, *ce);

        //获取dispatcher 对象

        dispatcher = zend_read_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_DISPATCHER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

        //获取bootstrap类里面所有的方法,每个类都用一个函数表function_table来记录

        //方法名和对应结构体指针

        methods    = &((*ce)->function_table);

        //循环bootstrap类里面所有的方法

        //内核中对array的实现是通过hash_table实现的,内核中会

        //看到到处使用hash_table的地方,可以简单理解为数组的操作

        for(zend_hash_internal_pointer_reset(methods);

                zend_hash_has_more_elements(methods) == SUCCESS;

                zend_hash_move_forward(methods)) {

            char *func;

            uint len;

            ulong idx;

            //获取第一个方法名字

            zend_hash_get_current_key_ex(methods, &func, &len, &idx, 0, NULL);

            /* cann't use ZEND_STRL in strncasecmp, it cause a compile failed in VS2009 */

            #define YAF_BOOTSTRAP_INITFUNC_PREFIX      "_init"

            //Bootstrap类实现了一系列的_init开头的方法

            //这里是比较函数func是否以_init开头

            if (strncasecmp(func, YAF_BOOTSTRAP_INITFUNC_PREFIX, sizeof(YAF_BOOTSTRAP_INITFUNC_PREFIX)-1)) {

                continue;

            }

            //调用所有以_init开头的函数,入参统一为dispatcher对象

            zend_call_method(&bootstrap, *ce, NULL, func, len - 1, NULL, 1, dispatcher, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

            /** an uncaught exception threw in function call */

            if (EG(exception)) {

                zval_ptr_dtor(&bootstrap);

                RETURN_FALSE;

            }

        }

        zval_ptr_dtor(&bootstrap);

    }

    //最后会返回application对象自身

    RETVAL_ZVAL(self, 1, 0);

}

PHP_METHOD(yaf_application, run) 扩展实现

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PHP_METHOD(yaf_application, run) {

    zval *running;

    yaf_dispatcher_t  *dispatcher;

    yaf_response_t      *response;

    yaf_application_t *self = getThis();

    //获取属性值,默认第一次为0

    running = zend_read_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_RUN), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    if (IS_BOOL == Z_TYPE_P(running)

            && Z_BVAL_P(running)) {

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "An application instance already run");

        RETURN_TRUE;

    }

    //赋值为1,可以看出来当前application对象中的run函数只能被调用一次

    ZVAL_BOOL(running, 1);

    zend_update_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_RUN), running TSRMLS_CC);

    //获取dispatcher对象

    dispatcher = zend_read_property(yaf_application_ce, self, ZEND_STRL(YAF_APPLICATION_PROPERTY_NAME_DISPATCHER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    //进行路由分发等工作

    if ((response = yaf_dispatcher_dispatch(dispatcher TSRMLS_CC))) {

        RETURN_ZVAL(response, 1, 1);

    }

    RETURN_FALSE;

}

yaf_dispatcher_dispatch() 方法里面主要分两部分,路由+分发,其中夹杂着一些插件调用,就是上图中双横线标出的环节,先看下官方对插件的说明。

触发顺序 名称 触发时机
1 routerStartup 在路由之前触发
2 routerShutdown 路由结束之后触发
3 dispatchLoopStartup 分发循环开始之前被触发
4 preDispatch 分发之前触发
5 postDispatch 分发结束之后触发
6 dispatchLoopShutdown 分发循环结束之后触发

扩展中插件方法名用宏表示

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#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_ROUTESTARTUP                "routerstartup"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_ROUTESHUTDOWN             "routershutdown"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_LOOPSTARTUP                "dispatchloopstartup"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_PREDISPATCH                 "predispatch"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_POSTDISPATCH                "postdispatch"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_LOOPSHUTDOWN                "dispatchloopshutdown"

#define YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_PRERESPONSE                "preresponse"

yaf_dispatcher_dispatch(yaf_dispatcher_t *dispatcher TSRMLS_DC)

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yaf_response_t * yaf_dispatcher_dispatch(yaf_dispatcher_t *dispatcher TSRMLS_DC) {

    zval *return_response, *plugins, *view;

    yaf_response_t *response;

    yaf_request_t *request;

    uint nesting = YAF_G(forward_limit);

    //获取response对象

    response = yaf_response_instance(NULL, sapi_module.name TSRMLS_CC);

    //获取request对象

    request     = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_REQUEST), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    //获取插件数组对象,这是一个数组,里面每个值都是一个插件对象

    //但前提是我们创建插件类,实例化之后,注册进dispatcher对象里

    plugins     = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_PLUGINS), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    //如果不是对象则报错

    if (IS_OBJECT != Z_TYPE_P(request)) {

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_TYPE_ERROR TSRMLS_CC, "Expect a %s instance", yaf_request_ce->name);

        zval_ptr_dtor(&response);

        return NULL;

    }

    /* route request */

    //是否已经路由过

    if (!yaf_request_is_routed(request TSRMLS_CC)) {

        //调用插件routerstartup方法,如果注册的情况

        YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_ROUTESTARTUP, request, response);

        //捕获异常 Error_Controller,开启的情况下,对应配置项为 catchException

        YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

        //进行路由,就是找到 controller、action、model

        if (!yaf_dispatcher_route(dispatcher, request TSRMLS_CC)) {

           //抛出异常

            yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_ROUTE_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Routing request failed");

            //捕获异常 Error_Controller

            YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE_NORET(dispatcher, request, response);

            zval_ptr_dtor(&response);

            return NULL;

        }

        //设置Controller、action、model

        yaf_dispatcher_fix_default(dispatcher, request TSRMLS_CC);

        //调用插件routerShutdown方法

        YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_ROUTESHUTDOWN, request, response);

        //捕获异常

        YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

        //已经路由完毕标识

        (void)yaf_request_set_routed(request, 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    } else {

        //设置Controller、action、model

        yaf_dispatcher_fix_default(dispatcher, request TSRMLS_CC);

    }

    //调用插件dispatchLoopStartup方法

    YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_LOOPSTARTUP, request, response);

    //捕获异常

    YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

    //获取view对象

    view = yaf_dispatcher_init_view(dispatcher, NULL, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

    if (!view) {

        return NULL;

    }

    do {

        //调用插件preDispatch方法

        YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_PREDISPATCH, request, response);

        //捕获异常

        YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

        //开始分发

        if (!yaf_dispatcher_handle(dispatcher, request, response, view TSRMLS_CC)) {

            YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

            zval_ptr_dtor(&response);

            return NULL;

        }

        yaf_dispatcher_fix_default(dispatcher, request TSRMLS_CC);

        //调用插件postDispatch方法

        YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_POSTDISPATCH, request, response);

        //捕获异常

        YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

        //这个就是控制分发次数,配置项中的forward_limit

    } while (--nesting > 0 && !yaf_request_is_dispatched(request TSRMLS_CC));

    //调用插件dispatchLoopShutdown方法

    YAF_PLUGIN_HANDLE(plugins, YAF_PLUGIN_HOOK_LOOPSHUTDOWN, request, response);

    //捕获异常

    YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE(dispatcher, request, response);

    //如果分发次数全部耗尽,且还有异常的话

    if (0 == nesting && !yaf_request_is_dispatched(request TSRMLS_CC)) {

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_DISPATCH_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "The max dispatch nesting %ld was reached", YAF_G(forward_limit));

        YAF_EXCEPTION_HANDLE_NORET(dispatcher, request, response);

        zval_ptr_dtor(&response);

        return NULL;

    }

    //最后返回一个 response 对象

    return_response = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_RETURN), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    if (!Z_BVAL_P(return_response)) {

        (void)yaf_response_send(response TSRMLS_CC);

        yaf_response_clear_body(response, NULL, 0 TSRMLS_CC);

    }

    return response;

}

yaf_dispatcher_route() 路由入口

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int yaf_dispatcher_route(yaf_dispatcher_t *dispatcher, yaf_request_t *request TSRMLS_DC) {

    zend_class_entry *router_ce;

    //获取路由器对象,dispatcher初始化时会创建内置路由器

    yaf_router_t *router = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_ROUTER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    if (IS_OBJECT == Z_TYPE_P(router)) {

        //是否内置的路由器

        if ((router_ce = Z_OBJCE_P(router)) == yaf_router_ce) {

            //执行路由器里面的路由协议

            yaf_router_route(router, request TSRMLS_CC);

        } else {

            //自定义路由器

            /* user custom router */

            zval *ret = zend_call_method_with_1_params(&router, router_ce, NULL, "route", &ret, request);

            if (Z_TYPE_P(ret) == IS_BOOL && Z_BVAL_P(ret) == 0) {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_ROUTE_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Routing request faild");

                return 0;

            }

        }

        return 1;

    }

    return 0;

}

这段代码是路由环节的入口,dispatcher初始化时会创建内置路由器,这里只涉及路由器概念,上面的自定义并不是自定义路由协议,而是你可以重新写一个路由器,我们通常在项目中自定义路由协议就可以了,没有必要自己实现一个路由器。而且框架中其实也是写死了内置路由器,没有给你set自定义路由器的接口。

yaf_router_route() 执行路由

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int yaf_router_route(yaf_router_t *router, yaf_request_t *request TSRMLS_DC) {

    zval         *routers, *ret;

    yaf_route_t    **route;

    HashTable     *ht;

    //获取路由协议,可以添加多层路由协议,类似于多重插件

    //通过addRoute方法向路由器注册自己的路由协议,默认的

    //路由协议是Yaf_Route_Static

    routers = zend_read_property(yaf_router_ce, router, ZEND_STRL(YAF_ROUTER_PROPERTY_NAME_ROUTES), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    ht = Z_ARRVAL_P(routers);

    //for循环依次调用路由协议的route方法,成功则记下当前

    //生效的这个路由协议的索引位置,并设置request为已路由

    //不成功则继续调用下一个路由协议。

    for(zend_hash_internal_pointer_end(ht);

            zend_hash_has_more_elements(ht) == SUCCESS;

            zend_hash_move_backwards(ht)) {

        if (zend_hash_get_current_data(ht, (void**)&route) == FAILURE) {

            continue;

        }

        //调用路由协议对象的route方法

        zend_call_method_with_1_params(route, Z_OBJCE_PP(route), NULL, "route", &ret, request);

        if (IS_BOOL != Z_TYPE_P(ret) || !Z_BVAL_P(ret)) {

            zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

            continue;

        } else {

            char *key;

            uint len = 0;

            ulong idx = 0;

            //记录当前路由协议的索引

            switch(zend_hash_get_current_key_ex(ht, &key, &len, &idx, 0, NULL)) {

                case HASH_KEY_IS_LONG:

                    zend_update_property_long(yaf_router_ce, router, ZEND_STRL(YAF_ROUTER_PROPERTY_NAME_CURRENT_ROUTE), idx TSRMLS_CC);

                    break;

                case HASH_KEY_IS_STRING:

                    if (len) {

                        zend_update_property_string(yaf_router_ce, router, ZEND_STRL(YAF_ROUTER_PROPERTY_NAME_CURRENT_ROUTE), key TSRMLS_CC);

                    }

                    break;

            }

            //设置为已路由

            yaf_request_set_routed(request, 1 TSRMLS_CC);

            zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

            break;

        }

    }

    return 1;

}

内置的路由协议

  • Yaf_Route_Static
  • Yaf_Route_Simple
  • Yaf_Route_Supervar
  • Yaf_Route_Rewrite
  • Yaf_Route_Regex
  • Yaf_Route_Map

上面几种路由协议源代码列表

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yaf_route_static.c

yaf_route_simple.c

yaf_route_supervar.c

yaf_route_rewrite.c

yaf_route_regex.c

yaf_route_map.c

无路是哪个路由协议最后功能都是为了设置module,controller,action的名称

yaf_dispatcher_handle() 开始分发

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//只看下主逻辑

int yaf_dispatcher_handle(yaf_dispatcher_t *dispatcher, yaf_request_t *request,  yaf_response_t *response, yaf_view_t *view TSRMLS_DC) {

    zend_class_entry *request_ce;

    //代码根目录

    char *app_dir = YAF_G(directory);

    request_ce = Z_OBJCE_P(request);

    //代表request开始,如果出现异常,则会在把当前状态改成0

    //在分发循环while会判断这个值,如果为0则代表之前分发中

    //存在异常所以保证在分发forward_limit次数内再继续分发

    //如果等于1则代表没有异常情况,分发完毕.

    yaf_request_set_dispatched(request, 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    if (!app_dir) {

        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_STARTUP_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "%s requires %s(which set the application.directory) to be initialized first",

                yaf_dispatcher_ce->name, yaf_application_ce->name);

        return 0;

    } else {

        int    is_def_module = 0;

        /* int is_def_ctr = 0; */

        zval *module, *controller, *dmodule, /* *dcontroller,*/ *instantly_flush;

        zend_class_entry *ce;

        yaf_controller_t *executor;

        zend_function    *fptr;

        //获取module

        module        = zend_read_property(request_ce, request, ZEND_STRL(YAF_REQUEST_PROPERTY_NAME_MODULE), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

        //获取controller

        controller    = zend_read_property(request_ce, request, ZEND_STRL(YAF_REQUEST_PROPERTY_NAME_CONTROLLER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

        //获取默认module默认为Index

        dmodule        = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_MODULE), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

        if (Z_TYPE_P(module) != IS_STRING

                || !Z_STRLEN_P(module)) {

            yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_DISPATCH_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Unexcepted a empty module name");

            return 0;

        //判断当前请求的model是否在modules里面,默认情况modules里面也是Index

        //如果自定义其他的model,就需要添加在modules这个选项里面,添加的无论是

        //什么model都需要存在Index这个model,类似于:Index,Admin,Main这样,不添

        //加的话会提示错误.

        } else if (!yaf_application_is_module_name(Z_STRVAL_P(module), Z_STRLEN_P(module) TSRMLS_CC)) {

            yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_NOTFOUND_MODULE TSRMLS_CC, "There is no module %s", Z_STRVAL_P(module));

            return 0;

        }

        if (Z_TYPE_P(controller) != IS_STRING

                || !Z_STRLEN_P(controller)) {

            yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_DISPATCH_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Unexcepted a empty controller name");

            return 0;

        }

        //判断当前的model是否等于默认的model

        //如果等于就去默认的Controllers目录下找

        //控制器,如果不等于这个值就为0则就去

        //modules/model/controllers/下面找控制器

        //后面会有体现

        if (strncasecmp(Z_STRVAL_P(dmodule), Z_STRVAL_P(module), Z_STRLEN_P(module)) == 0) {

            is_def_module = 1;

        }

        //找到对应的controller类

        ce = yaf_dispatcher_get_controller(app_dir, Z_STRVAL_P(module), Z_STRVAL_P(controller), Z_STRLEN_P(controller), is_def_module TSRMLS_CC);

        if (!ce) {

            return 0;

        } else {

            zval  *action, *render, *ret = NULL;

            char  *action_lower, *func_name, *view_dir;

            uint  func_name_len;

            yaf_controller_t *icontroller;

            //实例化controoller对象

            MAKE_STD_ZVAL(icontroller);

            object_init_ex(icontroller, ce);

            yaf_controller_construct(ce, icontroller, request, response, view, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

            if (EG(exception)) {

                zval_ptr_dtor(&icontroller);

                return 0;

            }

            //获取view路径,如果这个is_def_module为1

            //则取默认的views目录,如果为0,则取 modules/model/views 这个目录

            if (is_def_module) {

                spprintf(&view_dir, 0, "%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH, "views");

            } else {

                spprintf(&view_dir, 0, "%s%c%s%c%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH, "modules", DEFAULT_SLASH, Z_STRVAL_P(module), DEFAULT_SLASH, "views");

            }

            if (YAF_G(view_directory)) {

                efree(YAF_G(view_directory));

            }

            YAF_G(view_directory) = view_dir;

            zend_update_property(ce, icontroller, ZEND_STRL(YAF_CONTROLLER_PROPERTY_NAME_NAME),    controller TSRMLS_CC);

            //获取action

            action         = zend_read_property(request_ce, request, ZEND_STRL(YAF_REQUEST_PROPERTY_NAME_ACTION), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

            action_lower = zend_str_tolower_dup(Z_STRVAL_P(action), Z_STRLEN_P(action));

            /* because the action might call the forward to override the old action */

            Z_ADDREF_P(action);

            //拼接一个action函数名

            func_name_len = spprintf(&func_name,  0, "%s%s", action_lower, "action");

            efree(action_lower);

            //判断在controller对象里面是否有这个action函数,如 indexaction

            if (zend_hash_find(&((ce)->function_table), func_name, func_name_len + 1, (void **)&fptr) == SUCCESS) {

                //省略......

                executor = icontroller;

                //如果存在这个action函数则调用

                zend_call_method(&icontroller, ce, NULL, func_name, func_name_len, &ret, 0, NULL, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

                efree(func_name);

                //省略......

            //如果不存在这个action函数则按第二种action方式去获

            //取看看在这个controller里面是否存在actions变量,因

            //为有可能在这个actions数组变量里面记录所有的action

            //类方法地址

            } else if ((ce = yaf_dispatcher_get_action(app_dir, icontroller,

                            Z_STRVAL_P(module), is_def_module, Z_STRVAL_P(action), Z_STRLEN_P(action) TSRMLS_CC))

                    && (zend_hash_find(&(ce)->function_table, YAF_ACTION_EXECUTOR_NAME,

                            sizeof(YAF_ACTION_EXECUTOR_NAME), (void **)&fptr) == SUCCESS)) {

                //省略......

                //实例化这个Action类

                MAKE_STD_ZVAL(iaction);

                object_init_ex(iaction, ce);

                executor = iaction;

                //省略......

                //调用这个Action类里面的execute方法,可以看到这个方法是固定的

                zend_call_method_with_0_params(&iaction, ce, NULL, "execute", &ret);

                //省略......

            } else {

                efree(func_name);

                zval_ptr_dtor(&icontroller);

                return 0;

            }

            //下面这部分就是视图view自动渲染部分,不在详细分析了

            if (executor) {

                int auto_render = 1;

                render = zend_read_property(ce, executor, ZEND_STRL(YAF_CONTROLLER_PROPERTY_NAME_RENDER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

                instantly_flush    = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_FLUSH), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

                if (render == EG(uninitialized_zval_ptr)) {

                    render = zend_read_property(yaf_dispatcher_ce, dispatcher, ZEND_STRL(YAF_DISPATCHER_PROPERTY_NAME_RENDER), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

                    auto_render = Z_BVAL_P(render);

                } else if (Z_TYPE_P(render) <= IS_BOOL && !Z_BVAL_P(render)) {

                    auto_render = 0;

                }

                //是否自动渲染view

                if (auto_render) {

                    ret = NULL;

                    if (!Z_BVAL_P(instantly_flush)) {

                        zend_call_method_with_1_params(&executor, ce, NULL, "render", &ret, action);

                        zval_ptr_dtor(&executor);

                        if (!ret) {

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&action);

                            return 0;

                        } else if (IS_BOOL == Z_TYPE_P(ret) && !Z_BVAL_P(ret)) {

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&action);

                            return 0;

                        }

                        if (Z_TYPE_P(ret) == IS_STRING && Z_STRLEN_P(ret)) {

                            yaf_response_alter_body(response, NULL, 0, Z_STRVAL_P(ret), Z_STRLEN_P(ret), YAF_RESPONSE_APPEND  TSRMLS_CC);

                        }

                        zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

                    } else {

                        zend_call_method_with_1_params(&executor, ce, NULL, "display", &ret, action);

                        zval_ptr_dtor(&executor);

                        if (!ret) {

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&action);

                            return 0;

                        }

                        if ((Z_TYPE_P(ret) == IS_BOOL && !Z_BVAL_P(ret))) {

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

                            zval_ptr_dtor(&action);

                            return 0;

                        }

                        zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

                    }

                } else {

                    zval_ptr_dtor(&executor);

                }

            }

            zval_ptr_dtor(&action);

        }

        return 1;

    }

return 0;

}

yaf_dispatcher_get_controller() 获取 controller 类

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zend_class_entry * yaf_dispatcher_get_controller(char* app_dir, char *module, char *controller, int len, int def_module TSRMLS_DC) {

    char      *directory     = NULL;

    int     directory_len     = 0;

    //这块之前说过,如果def_module等于1走默认的路径

    //如果等于0则走modules下的路径

    if (def_module) {

        // directory = app_dir/controllers

        directory_len = spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH, YAF_CONTROLLER_DIRECTORY_NAME);

    } else {

        // directory = app_dir/modules/model/controllers

        directory_len = spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s%c%s%c%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH,

                YAF_MODULE_DIRECTORY_NAME, DEFAULT_SLASH, module, DEFAULT_SLASH, YAF_CONTROLLER_DIRECTORY_NAME);

    }

    if (directory_len) {

        char *class         = NULL;

        char *class_lowercase     = NULL;

        int class_len        = 0;

        zend_class_entry **ce     = NULL;

        // 这里根据配置区分前缀模式还是后缀模式

        // Controller_Index 或者 Index_Controller

        // ControllerIndex 或者 IndexController

        if (YAF_G(name_suffix)) {

            class_len = spprintf(&class, 0, "%s%s%s", controller, YAF_G(name_separator), "Controller");

        } else {

            class_len = spprintf(&class, 0, "%s%s%s", "Controller", YAF_G(name_separator), controller);

        }

        //转小写

        class_lowercase = zend_str_tolower_dup(class, class_len);

        //是否存在这个Controller类

        if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), class_lowercase, class_len + 1, (void **)&ce) != SUCCESS) {

            //加载这个Controller类

            if (!yaf_internal_autoload(controller, len, &directory TSRMLS_CC)) {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_NOTFOUND_CONTROLLER TSRMLS_CC, "Failed opening controller script %s: %s", directory, strerror(errno));

                efree(class);

                efree(class_lowercase);

                efree(directory);

                return NULL;

            //获取这个Controller类指针

            } else if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), class_lowercase, class_len + 1, (void **) &ce) != SUCCESS)  {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_AUTOLOAD_FAILED TSRMLS_CC, "Could not find class %s in controller script %s", class, directory);

                efree(class);

                efree(class_lowercase);

                efree(directory);

                return 0;

            //判断是否继承 Yaf_Controller_Abstract

            } else if (!instanceof_function(*ce, yaf_controller_ce TSRMLS_CC)) {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_TYPE_ERROR TSRMLS_CC, "Controller must be an instance of %s", yaf_controller_ce->name);

                efree(class);

                efree(class_lowercase);

                efree(directory);

                return 0;

            }

        }

        efree(class);

        efree(class_lowercase);

        efree(directory);

        return *ce;

    }

    return NULL;

}

yaf_dispatcher_get_action() 获取 action 类

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zend_class_entry * yaf_dispatcher_get_action(char *app_dir, yaf_controller_t *controller, char *module, int def_module, char *action, int len TSRMLS_DC) {

    zval **ppaction, *actions_map;

    //获取actions数组

    actions_map = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(controller), controller, ZEND_STRL(YAF_CONTROLLER_PROPERTY_NAME_ACTIONS), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

    if (IS_ARRAY == Z_TYPE_P(actions_map)) {

        zend_class_entry **ce;

        uint  class_len;

        char *class_name, *class_lowercase;

        char *action_upper = estrndup(action, len);

        //将action名字首字母转为大写

        *(action_upper) = toupper(*action_upper);

        //前后缀模式

        //Index_Action 或 Action_Index

        //IndexAction 或 ActionIndex

        if (YAF_G(name_suffix)) {

            class_len = spprintf(&class_name, 0, "%s%s%s", action_upper, YAF_G(name_separator), "Action");

        } else {

            class_len = spprintf(&class_name, 0, "%s%s%s", "Action", YAF_G(name_separator), action_upper);

        }

        //类名转换为小写

        class_lowercase = zend_str_tolower_dup(class_name, class_len);

        //是否存在这个Action类

        if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), class_lowercase, class_len + 1, (void **) &ce) == SUCCESS) {

            efree(action_upper);

            efree(class_lowercase);

            //是否继承Yaf_Action_Abstract

            if (instanceof_function(*ce, yaf_action_ce TSRMLS_CC)) {

                efree(class_name);

                return *ce;

            } else {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_TYPE_ERROR TSRMLS_CC, "Action %s must extends from %s", class_name, yaf_action_ce->name);

                efree(class_name);

                return NULL;

            }

        }

        //在数组中找到对应的key(action名称)

        if (zend_hash_find(Z_ARRVAL_P(actions_map), action, len + 1, (void **)&ppaction) == SUCCESS) {

            char *action_path;

            uint action_path_len;

            //把值(后面的文件路径)赋给action_path

            //也就是得到了action类所在的文件了

            action_path_len = spprintf(&action_path, 0, "%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH, Z_STRVAL_PP(ppaction));

            //导入这个类文件

            if (yaf_loader_import(action_path, action_path_len, 0 TSRMLS_CC)) {

                //action类是否存在

                if (zend_hash_find(EG(class_table), class_lowercase, class_len + 1, (void **) &ce) == SUCCESS) {

                    efree(action_path);

                    efree(action_upper);

                    efree(class_lowercase);

                    //是否继承Yaf_Action_Abstract

                    if (instanceof_function(*ce, yaf_action_ce TSRMLS_CC)) {

                        efree(class_name);

                        //返回Action类指针

                        return *ce;

                    } else {

                        yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_TYPE_ERROR TSRMLS_CC, "Action %s must extends from %s", class_name, yaf_action_ce->name);

                        efree(class_name);

                    }

                } else {

                    yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_NOTFOUND_ACTION TSRMLS_CC, "Could not find action %s in %s", class_name, action_path);

                }

                efree(action_path);

                efree(action_upper);

                efree(class_name);

                efree(class_lowercase);

            } else {

                yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_NOTFOUND_ACTION TSRMLS_CC, "Failed opening action script %s: %s", action_path, strerror(errno));

                efree(action_path);

            }

        } else {

            yaf_trigger_error(YAF_ERR_NOTFOUND_ACTION TSRMLS_CC, "There is no method %s%s in %s::$%s",

                    action, "Action", Z_OBJCE_P(controller)->name, YAF_CONTROLLER_PROPERTY_NAME_ACTIONS);

        }

     } else if (YAF_G(st_compatible)) {

            //省略.....

            //这部分不说了,大概就是在 actions 里面没有找到这个action的路径

            //那么就尝试自己拼接路径去加载

            if (def_module) {

                spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH, "actions");

            } else {

                spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s%c%s%c%s%c%s", app_dir, DEFAULT_SLASH,

                    "modules", DEFAULT_SLASH, module, DEFAULT_SLASH, "actions");

            }

           //省略.....

     }

}

上面也看到action的路径是按照你所填写的映射中地址加载,但是类名却是action的名称拼接的,所以虽然类文件不需要按照Yaf的标准路径设定,但是类名必须和action一致,在这个环节可能会因为action的特殊性出现找不到类的问题.

Yaf 自动加载

在实例化 application 类的时候,内部会自动实例化一个 Yaf_Loader 对象,同时往内核注册了一个自动加载器 autoload 这里注册自动加载器也是用内核提供的 spl_autoload_register

yaf_loader_register() 注册自动加载器

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int yaf_loader_register(yaf_loader_t *loader TSRMLS_DC) {

    zval *autoload, *method, *function, *ret = NULL;

    zval **params[1] = {&autoload};

    //设置autoload为一个数组

    MAKE_STD_ZVAL(autoload);

    array_init(autoload);

#define YAF_AUTOLOAD_FUNC_NAME  "autoload"

#define YAF_SPL_AUTOLOAD_REGISTER_NAME "spl_autoload_register"

    //设置method = autoload

    MAKE_STD_ZVAL(method);

    ZVAL_STRING(method, YAF_AUTOLOAD_FUNC_NAME, 1);

    //把loader对象添加到autoload数组里面

    zend_hash_next_index_insert(Z_ARRVAL_P(autoload), &loader, sizeof(yaf_loader_t *), NULL);

    //把method添加到autoload数组里面

    zend_hash_next_index_insert(Z_ARRVAL_P(autoload), &method, sizeof(zval *), NULL);

    //设置function =  spl_autoload_register

    MAKE_STD_ZVAL(function);

    ZVAL_STRING(function, YAF_SPL_AUTOLOAD_REGISTER_NAME, 0);

    //这里注册自动加载器跟php中调用spl_autoload_register形式几乎差不多

    //spl_autoload_register(array(loader,autoload))

    do {

        zend_fcall_info fci = {

            sizeof(fci),

            EG(function_table),

            function,

            NULL,

            &ret,

            1,

            (zval ***)params,

            NULL,

            1

        };

        // 调用 spl_autoload_register 注册

        if (zend_call_function(&fci, NULL TSRMLS_CC) == FAILURE) {

            if (ret) {

                zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

            }

            efree(function);

            zval_ptr_dtor(&autoload);

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Unable to register autoload function %s", YAF_AUTOLOAD_FUNC_NAME);

            return 0;

        }

        if (ret) {

            zval_ptr_dtor(&ret);

        }

        efree(function);

        zval_ptr_dtor(&autoload);

    } while (0);

    return 1;

}

PHP_METHOD(yaf_loader, autoload) 自动加载器

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PHP_METHOD(yaf_loader, autoload) {

    char *class_name, *origin_classname, *app_directory, *directory = NULL, *file_name = NULL;

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

    char *origin_lcname = NULL;

#endif

    uint separator_len, class_name_len, file_name_len = 0;

    //获取类名

    if (zend_parse_parameters(ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, "s", &class_name, &class_name_len) == FAILURE) {

        return;

    }

    //分隔符长度

    separator_len = YAF_G(name_separator_len);

    //根目录

    app_directory = YAF_G(directory);

    origin_classname = class_name;

    do {

        if (!class_name_len) {

            break;

        }

//命名空间处理方式

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

        {

            int pos = 0;

            origin_lcname = estrndup(class_name, class_name_len);

            class_name       = origin_lcname;

            while (pos < class_name_len) {

                if (*(class_name + pos) == '\\') {

                    *(class_name + pos) = '_';

                }

                pos += 1;

            }

        }

#endif

#define YAF_LOADER_RESERVERD                "Yaf_"

        //不允许类名Yaf打头

        if (strncmp(class_name, YAF_LOADER_RESERVERD, YAF_LOADER_LEN_RESERVERD) == 0) {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "You should not use '%s' as class name prefix", YAF_LOADER_RESERVERD);

        }

#define YAF_LOADER_MODEL                    "Model"

        //是否属于Model类

        if (yaf_loader_is_category(class_name, class_name_len, YAF_LOADER_MODEL, YAF_LOADER_LEN_MODEL TSRMLS_CC)) {

#define YAF_MODEL_DIRECTORY_NAME              "models"

            //获取类文件的路径

            //app_directory/models

            spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s/%s", app_directory, YAF_MODEL_DIRECTORY_NAME);

            //获取文件名字的长度,减去分隔符和后缀Index_Model

            file_name_len = class_name_len - separator_len - YAF_LOADER_LEN_MODEL;

           //是否配置后缀式

            if (YAF_G(name_suffix)) {

                //获取文件名字

                file_name = estrndup(class_name, file_name_len);

            } else {

                //获取文件名字

                file_name = estrdup(class_name + YAF_LOADER_LEN_MODEL + separator_len);

            }

            break;

        }

#define YAF_LOADER_PLUGIN                    "Plugin"

        //是否属于plugin类,流程跟上面一样

        if (yaf_loader_is_category(class_name, class_name_len, YAF_LOADER_PLUGIN, YAF_LOADER_LEN_PLUGIN TSRMLS_CC)) {

            //获取类文件的路径

            //app_directory/plugins

            spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s/%s", app_directory, YAF_PLUGIN_DIRECTORY_NAME);

            file_name_len = class_name_len - separator_len - YAF_LOADER_LEN_PLUGIN;

            if (YAF_G(name_suffix)) {

                file_name = estrndup(class_name, file_name_len);

            } else {

                file_name = estrdup(class_name + YAF_LOADER_LEN_PLUGIN + separator_len);

            }

            break;

        }

#define YAF_LOADER_CONTROLLER                "Controller"

        //是否属于Controller类,流程跟上面一样

        if (yaf_loader_is_category(class_name, class_name_len, YAF_LOADER_CONTROLLER, YAF_LOADER_LEN_CONTROLLER TSRMLS_CC)) {

            //获取类文件的路径

            //app_directory/controllers

            //可以看到这里只能获取Controllers目录下的控制器

            //不能获取models/model/controllers/这种形式

            spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s/%s", app_directory, YAF_CONTROLLER_DIRECTORY_NAME);

            file_name_len = class_name_len - separator_len - YAF_LOADER_LEN_CONTROLLER;

            if (YAF_G(name_suffix)) {

                file_name = estrndup(class_name, file_name_len);

            } else {

                file_name = estrdup(class_name + YAF_LOADER_LEN_CONTROLLER + separator_len);

            }

            break;

        }

/* {{{ This only effects internally */

        if (YAF_G(st_compatible) && (strncmp(class_name, YAF_LOADER_DAO, YAF_LOADER_LEN_DAO) == 0

                    || strncmp(class_name, YAF_LOADER_SERVICE, YAF_LOADER_LEN_SERVICE) == 0)) {

            /* this is a model class */

            spprintf(&directory, 0, "%s/%s", app_directory, YAF_MODEL_DIRECTORY_NAME);

        }

/* }}} */

        file_name_len = class_name_len;

        file_name     = class_name;

    } while(0);

    if (!app_directory && directory) {

        efree(directory);

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

        if (origin_lcname) {

            efree(origin_lcname);

        }

#endif

        if (file_name != class_name) {

            efree(file_name);

        }

        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING,

                "Couldn't load a framework MVC class without an %s initializing", yaf_application_ce->name);

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

    if (!YAF_G(use_spl_autoload)) {

        //加载这个类

        if (yaf_internal_autoload(file_name, file_name_len, &directory TSRMLS_CC)) {

            //把类名转成小写

            char *lc_classname = zend_str_tolower_dup(origin_classname, class_name_len);

            //是否存在这个类,如果存在则代表加载成功

            if (zend_hash_exists(EG(class_table), lc_classname, class_name_len + 1)) {

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

                if (origin_lcname) {

                    efree(origin_lcname);

                }

#endif

                if (directory) {

                    efree(directory);

                }

                if (file_name != class_name) {

                    efree(file_name);

                }

                efree(lc_classname);

                //返回成功

                RETURN_TRUE;

            } else {

                efree(lc_classname);

                php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_STRICT, "Could not find class %s in %s", class_name, directory);

            }

        else {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Failed opening script %s: %s", directory, strerror(errno));

        }

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

        if (origin_lcname) {

            efree(origin_lcname);

        }

#endif

        if (directory) {

            efree(directory);

        }

        if (file_name != class_name) {

            efree(file_name);

        }

        RETURN_TRUE;

    } else {

        //跟上面流程差不多

        char *lower_case_name = zend_str_tolower_dup(origin_classname, class_name_len);

        if (yaf_internal_autoload(file_name, file_name_len, &directory TSRMLS_CC) &&

                zend_hash_exists(EG(class_table), lower_case_name, class_name_len + 1)) {

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

            if (origin_lcname) {

                efree(origin_lcname);

            }

#endif

            if (directory) {

                efree(directory);

            }

            if (file_name != class_name) {

                efree(file_name);

            }

            efree(lower_case_name);

            RETURN_TRUE;

        }

#ifdef YAF_HAVE_NAMESPACE

        if (origin_lcname) {

            efree(origin_lcname);

        }

#endif

        if (directory) {

            efree(directory);

        }

        if (file_name != class_name) {

            efree(file_name);

        }

        efree(lower_case_name);

        RETURN_FALSE;

    }

}

yaf_internal_autoload() 加载类文件

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int yaf_internal_autoload(char *file_name, uint name_len, char **directory TSRMLS_DC) {

    zval *library_dir, *global_dir;

    char *q, *p, *seg;

    uint seg_len, directory_len, status;

    char *ext = YAF_G(ext);

    smart_str buf = {0};

    //判断传递的路径是否为空

    //如果为空则代表要加载的类文件不属于yaf框架规定的目录

    //有可能是公共库文件目录

    if (NULL == *directory) {

        char *library_path;

        uint  library_path_len;

        yaf_loader_t *loader;

        loader = yaf_loader_instance(NULL, NULL, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

        if (!loader) {

            /* since only call from userspace can cause loader is NULL, exception throw will works well */

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "%s need to be initialize first", yaf_loader_ce->name);

            return 0;

        } else {

            //获取本地类库地址

            library_dir = zend_read_property(yaf_loader_ce, loader, ZEND_STRL(YAF_LOADER_PROPERTY_NAME_LIBRARY), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

            //获取全局类库地址

            global_dir    = zend_read_property(yaf_loader_ce, loader, ZEND_STRL(YAF_LOADER_PROPERTY_NAME_GLOBAL_LIB), 1 TSRMLS_CC);

            //判断类名前缀是否已经注册过,如果已经注册过则在本地类库去找

            //就是调用 Yaf_Loader::registerLocalNamespace() 注册

            //如果不注册的话全部去公共类库下寻找

            if (yaf_loader_is_local_namespace(loader, file_name, name_len TSRMLS_CC)) {

                library_path = Z_STRVAL_P(library_dir);

                library_path_len = Z_STRLEN_P(library_dir);

            } else {

                library_path = Z_STRVAL_P(global_dir);

                library_path_len = Z_STRLEN_P(global_dir);

            }

        }

        if (NULL == library_path) {

            php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "%s requires %s(which set the library_directory) to be initialized first", yaf_loader_ce->name, yaf_application_ce->name);

            return 0;

        }

        smart_str_appendl(&buf, library_path, library_path_len);

    } else {

        smart_str_appendl(&buf, *directory, strlen(*directory));

        efree(*directory);

    }

    directory_len = buf.len;

    /* aussume all the path is not end in slash */

    smart_str_appendc(&buf, DEFAULT_SLASH);

    //如果这个文件名或者类名是这种形式的Service_Http_Post

    //下面这段代码就会把这个类名切分成路径

    //directory/Service/Http/Post.php 这样

    p = file_name;

    q = p;

    while (1) {

        while(++q && *q != '_' && *q != '\0');

        if (*q != '\0') {

            seg_len    = q - p;

            seg         = estrndup(p, seg_len);

            smart_str_appendl(&buf, seg, seg_len);

            efree(seg);

            smart_str_appendc(&buf, DEFAULT_SLASH);

            p         = q + 1;

        } else {

            break;

        }

    }

    if (YAF_G(lowcase_path)) {

        /* all path of library is lowercase */

        zend_str_tolower(buf.c + directory_len, buf.len - directory_len);

    }

    smart_str_appendl(&buf, p, strlen(p));

    smart_str_appendc(&buf, '.');

    smart_str_appendl(&buf, ext, strlen(ext));

    smart_str_0(&buf);

    if (directory) {

        *(directory) = estrndup(buf.c, buf.len);

    }

    //这里最后把类文件导入并调用内核接口进行编译

    status = yaf_loader_import(buf.c, buf.len, 0 TSRMLS_CC);

    smart_str_free(&buf);

    if (!status)

           return 0;

    return 1;

}

结束

上面介绍的大致就是 Yaf 框架一个运行流程,并且把框架的主要代码都分析了一遍,可以以此作为引导,在阅读分析源码的时候可以边看源码边对照 Yaf 框架官方文档 或者在用Yaf框架搭建一个环境,运行下,在对照源码分析即可。

以上就是PHPYaf执行流程源码的详细内容,更多请关注php中文网其它相关文章!

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